Samuel Chase AP-56 - History

Samuel Chase AP-56 - History

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Samuel Chase
(AP-56: dp. 11,760; 1. 489'; b. 69'6"; dr. 27'4"; s. 18.4 k.; cpl. 578; a. 1 5", 4 3", 8 .50 cal. AA.; cl.Arthur Middleton; T. C3-P P&C)

Samuel Chase (AP-56) was laid down under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 107) on 31 August 1940 as SS African Meteor by the Ingalls Shipbuilding Co., Pascagoula, Miss.; launched on 23 August 1941; sponsored by Mrs. Theresa Murray, acquired by the Navy on 5 February 1942, and commissioned on 13 June 1942, Comdr. Roger C. Heimer, USCG, in command.

After shakedown along the Atlantic coast, Samuel Chase sailed from Hampton Roads on 18 September 1942, arriving at Belfast, N.I., with a troop convoy on 6 October. On 26 October she sailed from Greenock. Scotland, as flagship for the landings at Algiers, part of the Allied invasion of North Africa. En route, she was narrowly missed by a torpedo in the same attack that disabled the transport, Thomas Stone. This was her first of several close brushes with disaster under persistent enemy air and submarine attack in the Mediterranean.

The first troops from Samuel Chase landed just east of Algiers shortly after midnight on 8 November, and she remained off the beach for three days before entering the harbor of Algiers. The transport sailed on 12 November with a convoy to the United Kingdom to pick up reinforcements, which were disembarked at Algiers on 6 December. She then sailed on 31 December for overhaul in the United States, arriving at Norfolk on 12 January 1943. She was reclassified APA-56 effective 1 February 1943.

Samuel Chase sailed from the United States on 5 March and disembarked troops at Oran on the 19th. During April, her boat crews underwent training on Algerian beaches and were joined by their ship on 24 May for additional training with the ship's full contingent of troops. On 9 July, Samuel Chase arrived off Gela, Sicily, for the Allied invasion of that island, and her troops landed in the initial assault early on the 10th. The transport retired from the beachhead for Algiers with wounded personnel on 12 July. On 9 August, she embarked new troops for amphibious training, and on 9 September arrived off Frume Sele, Salerno Gulf where she landed her soldiers for the invasion of Italy. She departed Salerno a day later and, after training French troops in landing techniques near Algiers between 22 October and 2 November returned to the United States on 25 November for repairs.

After completion of repairs on 26 December, Samuel Chase conducted amphibious training on the east coast until departing Norfolk on 12 February 1944 for Glasgow, Scotland, where she arrived on 22 February to prepare for the invasion of Hitler's "Fortress Europe." Samuel Chase stood in towards the beaches of Normandy and landed her assault troops on Omaha Beach on 6 June. After picking up wounded soldiers, she returned to Weymouth, England, on 7 June. The ship sailed on 4 July for the Mediterranean; and, after embarking troops at Naples on 16 July, landed them in the assault on Southern France in the Bay of Pampelonne on 15 August. She then made several voyages in the Mediterranean transporting French personnel from Italy and Algeria to ports in Southern France before sailing from Oran on 25 October for overhaul at Boston, Mass., where she arrived on 8 November.

Ordered to the Pacific Fleet, Samuel Chase departed Boston on 15 January 1945 and reached Pearl Harbor on 6 February and arrived at Leyte, P.I., on 4 March. She began amphibious training on 14 March, but struck a shoal during training two days later. She then transferred her troops to Pitt (APA-223), sailed east and arrived at San Francisco on 24 April for repairs. The transport sailed again on 19 June for the western Pacific; and, after brief stops en route, arrived off Okinawa on 24 July. She remained off the beach there under frequent enemy air attacks until sailing for Ulithi on 10 August.

After the Japanese surrender, Samuel Chase sailed to San Pedro Bay in the Philippines, embarked occupation troops there between 26 August and 2 September, and delivered them to Yokohama, Japan on 8 September. She then returned to the Philippines for more troops, whom she disembarked on Hokkaido on 5 October. Returning to the Philippines, she embarked personnel of a Seabee battalion, which she landed at Tsingtao, China, on 1 November. Reporting for "Magic Carpet" duty on 15 November, the transport sailed from Tsingtao on 19 November and delivered a full load of homeward-bound troops at San Diego on 11 December. Coming under the control of the Naval Transportation Service, she made three more voyages to the western Pacific in the next six months, touching at Okinawa, Hong Kong, Yokosuka, Guam, Peleliu and Majuro. The ship arrived at Norfolk, Va., on 21 July 1946 for inactivation, was decommissioned there on 26 February 1947, and was laid up in the James River. The transport was struck from the Navy list on 1 October 1958 and transferred to Maritime Administration custody on 11 February 1959. She remained in reserve in the James River until sold, on 9 May 1973 to the Consolidated Steel Corp. of Brownsville, Tex.

Samuel Chase received 5 battle stars for her World War II service.


Samuel Chase served as a justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1796 to 1811. In 1804 the U.S. House of Representatives voted to impeach Chase. However, the Senate did not uphold the House's action and Chase continued to serve on the Court until his death. Chase remains the only justice who has been the subject of impeachment proceedings. Chase's decisions set several precedents for the Supreme Court, among them opinions establishing the supremacy of federal treaties over state laws and the establishment of judicial review, which is the Court's power to void legislation it deems unconstitutional, a power that makes the judiciary one of the three primary branches of the federal government (the other two branches being Congress and the president).

"I cannot subscribe to the omnipotence of a State legislature."
—Samuel Chase

Known for his fiery and partisan manner, Chase was an active politician for most of his life. Before his career as a judge Chase served in the Maryland colonial and state legislatures. As a member of the continental congress in the 1770s, Chase was an outspoken advocate of American independence from Britain. He signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He opposed the Constitution as an Anti-Federalist (an opponent of federal government powers over the states) in the 1780s. Later, however, he became a member of the federalist party and as a Supreme Court justice helped establish the powers of the federal judiciary. Chase generally

Descriptions of Samuel Chase

John Adams, Diary, 15 September 1775

Upon recollecting the Debates of this Day in Congress, there appears to me a remarkable Want of Judgment in some of our Members. Chase is violent and boisterous, asking his Pardon. He is tedious upon frivolous Points.

Mayor and Aldermen of Annapolis, During the Revolution

[Chase was a] busy, restless incendiary, a Ringleader of Mobs—a foul-mouth’d and inflaming son of Discord and Faction—a common Disturber of the public Tranquility, and a Promoter of the lawless excesses of the multitude.

Charles Carroll of Annapolis to Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 7 November 1777

I wrote to Chase with reflection and Cool deliberation. I do & must continue to look upon Him as a Rogue unworthy the Society of Honest Men unless He acknowledges His fault & endeavors Sincerely to Atone for it.

Louis Guillaume Otto, “Biographies”, Fall 1788

Elder member of Congress. Man of superior talents, as much for jurisprudence as for legislation, but whose moral character has often been attacked, without his excuses ever fully justifying himself.

John Adams to Abigail Adams, 6 February 1796

Mr. Chase is a new Judge, but although a good 1774 Man his Character has a Mist about it of suspicion and Impurity which gives occasion to the Enemy to censure. He has been a warm Party Man, and has made many Ennemies. His Corpulency . . . is against his riding Circuit very long.

Stevens Thomson Mason to James Madison, 23 April 1800

Thos. Cooper of Northumberland was tried and convicted on Saturday last for a libel on the President. A more oppressive and disgusting proceeding I never saw. Chase in his charge to the Jury (in a speech of an hour) showed all the zeal of a well fee’d Lawyer and the rancour of a vindictive and implacable enemy.

Philadelphia Aurora, 20 June 1800

Judge Chase [was] An Unprincipled tyrant, totally unfit to be intrusted with any power over the lives or liberties of the free citizens of America.

Manasseh Cutler to F. Poole, 13 February 1804

Judge Chase (one of the largest men I ever saw) is as remarkable for the largeness as Johnny [John Randolph of Roanoke] for the smallness of his size.

Joseph Story to Matthew Bramble, 10 June 1807

Accompanied by Mr. Harper, I paid a visit to Judge Chase, who is a rough, but very sensible man. He has counted nearly seventy winters, and yet possesses considerable vigor and vivacity but the flashes are irregular and sometimes ill-directed. In his person, he is tall, and not unlike [Theophilus] Parsons [that is, corpulent]. I suspect he is the American Thurlow,–bold, impetuous, overbearing, and decisive. He received us very kindly and with all his plainness of manners, I confess that he impressed me with respect.

Joseph Story to Samuel P.P. Fey, 25 February 1808

Of Chase I have formerly written. On a nearer view, I am satisfied that the elements of his mind are of the very first excellence age and infirmity have in some degree impaired them. His manners are coarse, and in appearance harsh but in reality he abounds with good humor. He loves to croak and grumble, and in the very same breath he amuses you extremely by his anecdotes and pleasantry. His first approach is formidable, but all difficulty vanishes when you once understand him. In person, in manners, in unwieldy strength, in severity of reproof, in real tenderness of heart and above all in intellect, he is the living, I had almost said the exact image of Samuel Johnson. To use a provincial expression, I like him hugely.

Salmon P. Chase: U.S. Senate and Governor of Ohio

Chase first entered politics in 1840, when he served in the Cincinnati city council. He later led the abolitionist Liberty Party and was instrumental in combining it with antislavery Democrats and Whigs to form the Free Soil Party, which opposed the expansion of slavery into the western U.S. territories. Chase coined the party’s famous motto: 𠇏ree Soil, Free Labor and Free Men.”

In 1849 Chase won a seat in the U.S. Senate on the Free Soil ticket, though he later classified himself as an “Independent Democrat.” While in Congress Chase was a prominent opponent of the Compromise of 1850, which introduced new fugitive slave laws. He was also vocal in his criticisms of 1854’s Kansas-Nebraska Act, which allowed the Kansas and Nebraska territories to choose whether they would allow slavery instead of banning the practice outright.

After leaving the U.S. Senate Chase became aligned with the newly formed Republican Party, and in 1855 he was elected governor of Ohio on the Republican ticket. As governor he helped guide a resolution opposing the Fugitive Slave Law through the state legislature.

History of the Court – Timeline of the Justices – Samuel Chase, 1796-1811

SAMUEL CHASE was born in Somerset County, Maryland, on April 17, 1741. He read law in the office of an Annapolis attorney and was admitted to the bar in 1761. He practiced law at the Mayor’s Court in Annapolis and appeared before other courts throughout the County. In 1764, Chase was elected to the Maryland General Assembly and served there for twenty years. He served as a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses and signed the Declaration of Independence. Following the Revolutionary War, he served as a Judge of the Baltimore Criminal Court from 1788 to 1796 and as Chief Judge of the General Court of Maryland from 1791 to 1796. President George Washington nominated Chase to the Supreme Court of the United States on January 27, 1796, and the Senate confirmed the appointment on February 4, 1796. In 1803, Chase became the only Justice of the Supreme Court in history to be impeached, but the Senate refused to convict him and the bill of impeachment was dismissed. Chase served on the Supreme Court for fifteen years and died on June 19, 1811, at the age of seventy.

CHASE Genealogy

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Samuel Chase AP-56 - History

Samuel P. Chase Proposes a National Banking System
Digital History ID 421

Author: Samuel P. Chase

During the war, the Republican-controlled Congress enacted a series of measures which carried long-term consequences for the future. The Homestead Act of 1862 provided public land free to pioneers who agreed to farm the land for five years. The Morrill Act of 1862 helped states establish agricultural and technical colleges. Congress also authorized construction of the nation's first transcontinental railroad.

The Civil War also brought vast changes to the nation's financial system. Before the Civil War, the federal government did not issue paper money. Instead, paper notes were issued by more than 1,500 state banks in 1860, which issued more than 10,000 different kinds of currency.

To end this chaotic system and to impose federal regulation on the financial system, Congress enacted two important pieces of legislation. The Legal Tender Act of 1862 authorized the federal government to issue paper money. Because these notes were printed on green paper, they became known as greenbacks. The National Bank Act of 1863 created the nation's first truly national banking system.

In the following letter, Treasury Secretary Samuel P. Chase (1808-1873), writing to his eventual successor, describes his plan to make banks more trustworthy and stable. As finally adopted by Congress, the National Banking Act of 1863 chartered national banks which met certain requirements, made the notes of national banks legal tender for all public and private debts, and levied a tax of 2 percent on state bank notes, which gradually increased over time. By imposing a tax on state bank notes, the federal government forced state banks to join the federal system. By 1865, national banks had 83 percent of all bank assets in the United States. After 1870, interestingly, state banks made a comeback they avoided the tax on their bank notes by issuing checks.

In my first report (July 1861) I suggested a tax on bank notes as well as other internal taxes: but at that session no internal duties at all were imposed. We all hoped that the increased customs duties & the direct tax might suffice.

In my second report--just before the Suspension--I proposed a national Banking system and a tax on circulation. It is my considered judgment that had these views been adopted at the last session. there might have been comparatively little financial embarrassment at the time.

But Congress through otherwise. The system of conversion was adopted and the Banking Association Bill was only ordered. for public information & consideration.

Genealogical Memoir of the Chase Family

The following brief memoir of the Chase Family was written for the Heraldic Magazine, at the request of the Editor, and is found in the number for October, 1868.

At the request of several of the descendants of the family living in New England, it is now reprinted. It was not the writer's intention to prepare at this time any extended account, from the materials at his command, of the history of the family in England or America. The present memoir embraces all of general interest to the descendants of the founders of Hampton and Newbury. It gives the pedigree of the family in several branches from the early part of the sixteenth century to the present time, and the arms which, in accordance with the rules of Heraldry, the lineal descendants of Thomas and Aquila Chase have the right to claim.

From investigations made by H. G. Somerby , esq., and the papers of the late Theodore Chase , esq.

An old story, and one often, though never wholly told, is that which at one time called "Lord Townley's Estate," at another the "Chase Inheritance," ran through our New England press about twenty years since, setting forth with much apparent precision the conditions under which vast landed estates with centuries of accumulated rental awaited the decision of the English Chancery Courts in favor of the lawful heirs of Aquila and Thomas Chase, brothers, who settled in New England soon after the landing of the Pilgrims.

Into the history of this delusion we have not the space, nor is the place to enter, although on some accounts desirable, as there are many respectable people in Massachusetts, shrewd and cautious otherwise in all their dealings, who still declare that there is "something in it," ​ and who,—while unable to tell even the names of their grandfathers,—are, or till quite recently were, ready to subscribe money to test the claims of ancestors from whom they cannot and never have undertaken to prove descent. The late Mr. Theodore Chase, of Boston, as the possessor by inheritance of some of the family papers of Aquila Chase, who was one of the first settlers and grantees of Hampton, in 1639 or 1640, was often applied to by persons of the name when the periodic excitement relative to these fancied claims arose. Yet, while he possessed and carefully preserved many records and papers relating to each generation of his family in this country, proving his descent from Aquila of Hampton, he had never himself Instituted any search for traces of his family in England, and was unable to give any information beyond the simple but essential fact,—which, wearied at last by the calls for information that were made upon. him, he caused Messrs. Baring Brothers & Co. to obtain from their legal advisers,—that there were no estates awaiting heirs of the names of Chase or Townley in Chancery at all.

A short time after his death in 1859, the story was revived and inquiries were made of Mr. George B. Chase, by several respectable people of Essex County, who had agreed to raise funds for a new investigation in England— a scheme, however, which fell at once to the ground on their learning from him that their first course, even if they believed in the existence of the Estates in Chancery, was to find out the names and dates of birth of their grandfathers, of which, all but one of their number were ignorant.

In 1861, Mr Theodore Chase's voluminous Collection ​ of papers were submitted to Mr. Somerby for classification and to enable him to take full notes for investigations to be pursued by him on his return to England in the spring of that year. Mr. Somerby's investigations, which were very diligent and thorough, and which led him among the records of every county in England, continued at intervals for some years, until he had noted the names and dates of birth of all of the name of Chase during the latter half of the sixteenth and early part of the seventeenth centuries. From them we extract the following pedigrees, and the facts relating to them.

In the Herald's Visitation of Buckinghamshire in 1634, the Coat engraved at the head of this article is found, with the note, "This coate is testified by a letter from Mr. Robert Calvert, dated at Whitehall, July 18, 1634," together with a pedigree entered by Matthew Chase, which we copy, as follows:—

As Aquila Chase was supposed to have come from Cornwall, no importance had ever been attached to this pedigree by the American genealogists, and Mr. Somerby, influenced by the traditions that Aquila and Thomas Chase were mariners, had searched in vain for some ​ months the records of Cornwall, Hampshire, Kent, and other sea-coast Counties, for traces or indications of the emigrant's family. Cornwall, especially, had been most diligently searched, as Mr. Coffin, in his "History of Newbury" had stated that Aquila Chase was from that County. Although Mr. Coffin had, upon inquiry, stated to Mr. Somerby, as he had also done to the writer, that this statement rested merely upon tradition, it led at the outset to the most thorough investigation of that County's registers.

Turning at last to the interior, and recurring to the above pedigree, Mr. Somerby visited Chesham to examine its parish register, which from the time of 1538 he found complete to the present day, with the exception of baptisms in the reign of Queen Mary. From the larger pedigree made by him from this register we give the following extract, which shows the births of two brothers, Aquila and Thomas Chase, towards the end of the sixteenth century.

Thomas 1 Chase, of Hundrich, in the Parish of Chesham. John 2 Chase, of Hundrich, bap. Nov. 30, 1540. Richard Chase 2 , of Chesham, bap. Aug. 3, 1542. Agnes, 2 bap. Jan. 9, 1551. William, 2 born in reign of Queen Mary. Christian, 2 ⁠ " ⁠ " ⁠ " ⁠ " Richard 2 Chase of Chesham m. Joan Bishop, April 16, 1564. Their children were Robert, 3 bap. Sept. 2, 1565. Henry, 3 ⁠ " ⁠ Aug. 10, 1567. Lydia, 3 ⁠ " ⁠ Oct. 4, 1573. ​ Ezekiel, 3 bap. April 23, 1576. Dorcas, 3 ⁠ " ⁠ March 2, 1578. Aquila , 3 " Aug. 14, 1580, Jason, 3 " Jan. 13, 1583. Thomas , 3 " July 18, 1585. Abigail, 3 " Jan. 12, 1588, Mordecai, 3 " July 31, 1591.

The discovery of the unique name of Aquila, found no where else in England, before or since, In any records of families bearing the name of Chase, was deemed conclusive proof by Mr. Somerby, as it has been since by other distinguished antiquarians, of the identity of the American with the English families. The date of birth coincided with another tradition lingering in some branches of the American family, that Aquila Chase, of Newbury, had called his first son, but the fifth child that was born to him, after his father's name as well as his own, "that Aquila the first was Aquila the second, too." The register at Chesham contains no other mention of Aquila, Thomas and Mordecai than the record of their births. Of the seven remaining children of Richard Chase, their marriages or deaths, in some cases both, are recorded. This shows that the three younger sons left Chesham, and lived and died elsewhere.

​ It is probable that Thomas 4 and Aquila 4 acquired a knowledge of navigation in the employ of Thomas Chase. who in 1626 was part owner of the "John & Francis," and is named in a warrant of letter of marque issued in that year for that vessel, according to the Records of the State Paper Office.

We now come to New England, and give herewith the

Thomas 4 Chase, one of the original settlers of Hampton, was in New England as early as 1636. In 1639. he was, together with his brother Aquila, 4 afterwards of Newbury, one of the original settlers of Hampton, where he died in 1653. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Philbrick. His children were

—I. Thomas, 5 born 1643. In 1670 he had a grant of land of 100 acres in Hampton, and was chosen selectman in 1695. He died October 28, 1714, unmarried.

11. Joseph, 5 born in 1645, was also of Hampton. He was taken prisoner at Dover, in the assault on Major Waldron's house, 27th of June, 1689. He married, Dec. 31, 1671, Rachel, daughter of William Partridge, of Salisbury. He died January 12, 1718.

III. Isaac 5 born in 1647. He was sometime of Hampton, but removed to Edgartown, where he died May 9, 1727. He married Mary, daughter of Isaac Perkins, of Hampton.

IV. James, 5 born in 1649. He married September 2, 1675, Elizabeth Greene.

V. Abraham, 5 born August 6, 1652. He "was slaine ​ in y e warres" In 1676, and his estate was divided among his brothers.

Aquila 4 Chase, of Newbury, was one of the first settlers or grantees of Hampton, 1639 or 40. He married Anne, daughter of John Wheeler. About the year 1646 he removed to Newbury, and received several grants of land there. He made frequent voyages from Newbury as master. He made his will on the 19th of September, 1670, and died on the 27th of December following. His children were

I. Sarah. 5
II. Anne, 5 b. July 6, 1647.
III. Priscilla, 5 b. March 14, 1649.
IV. Mary, 5 b. February 3, 1651.
V. Aquila, 5 b. September 6, 1652.
VI. Thomas, 5 b. July 25, 1654.
VII. John, 5 b. November 2, 1655.
VIII. Elizabeth, 5 b. September 13, 1657.
IX. Euth, 5 b. March 18, 1660.
X. Daniel, 5 b. December 9, 1661.
XI. Moses, 5 b, December 24, 1663.

Of these children we propose to notice Aquila, 5 Thomas 5 and Moses, 5 and some of their descendants.

Aquila 5 Chase, of Newbury, a Sergeant in the Essex Regiment, was born September 26, 1652, and died July 29, 1720. He married Esther, daughter of John Bond of Newbury. His children were

Esther, 6 b. January 15, 1674.
Joseph, 6 b. March 25, 1677.
Priscilla, 6 b. October 15. 1681.
Jemima. 6
Rebecca. 6

Anne. 6
Hannah. 6
Abigail. 6
Benjamin. 6

Joseph 6 Chase, of Newbury, was born March 25, 1677. About the year 1726, he sold his extensive estates in Newbury, and removed to Littleton, Mass. He is usually styled Planter. He married November 8, 1699, Abigail Thurston. His children were

Nathan, 7 b. August 2, 1701.,
George, 7 b. February 17, 1703.
Stephen, 7 b. October 26, 1705.
Anne, 7 b. February 11, 1707.
Abigail, 7 b. March 27, 1709.
Hannah, 7 b. February 25, 1711.
Rebecca, 7 b. November 16, 1714.
Benjamin, 7 b. June 21, 1717.
Joseph, 7 b. December 8, 1719.

His son, the Reverend Stephen Chase, was graduated at Harvard College in 1728, and was ordained at Lynn, now Lynnfield, November 24, 1731. He was resettled over the Parish at Newcastle, December 6, 1750, where he died January, 1778. He was distinguished for great scholastic attainments, and enjoyed the repute of a profound theologian. He married in 1732, Jane, daughter of Colonel Joshua Wingate, of Hampton, who, as Captain Wingate, commanded a company at the siege of Louisburg, and died at Hampton in 1769, having filled many offices of trust in the County and Province. The children of Reverend Stephen Chase were

I. Abraham, 8 b. March 25, 1734, d. same day.

II. Stephen, 8 b. Feb. 22, 1735 d. Dec. 1, 1739.
III. Joshua, 8 b. March, 1738.
IV. Jane, 8 b. January 7, 1740.
V. Stephen 8 b. June 22, 1742.
VI. Mary, 8 b. October 19, 1744.
VII. John Wingate, 8 b. August 14, 1749.

Stephen 8 Chase, Merchant, of Portsmouth, was graduated at Harvard College in 1764. In 1778 he removed from Newcastle to Portsmouth, where he died in 1805. He was a gentleman of much literary culture, and was one of the founders of the Portsmouth Athenæum, for which he drew up the Constitution and By-Laws. He married Mary, daughter of Joseph Frost, Esquire, of Newcastle, and grand-daughter of the Honorable John Frost, who was born at Kittery, March 1, 1683, and who in early life, as an officer in the Royal Navy, commanded a British ship of war, and was of the Governor's Council in 1727. He married Mary, daughter of "William, and sister of the first Sir William Pepperrell, Baronet. The mother of Mary (Frost) Chase was Margaret, daughter of Samuel Colton of Springfield.

The children of Stephen 8 Chase, of Portsmouth, were

I. Joseph, 9 b. April 22, 1772, m. Margaret Chesley, of Durham.
II. William, 9 b. Feb. 10, 1774, a merchant of Portsmouth m. Sarah Blunt, of Portsmouth died, s. p., Aug. 30, 1834.
III. Mary, 9 b. Nov. 15, 1776, m. Edmund Toppan, Esq., of Portsmouth.
IV. Harriet, 9 b. Aug. 14, 1778, m. Oliver Crosby, Esq., of Dover, N. H.

V. Sarah, 9 b. Oct. 23, 1780, m. J. H. Woodman, Esq., of Rochester, N. H.
VI. Theodore, 9 b. March 16, 1786, was fitted for Harvard College at Exeter Academy, under Dr. Abbott, from 1796 to 1800, but did not enter as candidate, as the condition of his father's health necessitated his return to Portsmouth. He became a large ship-owner, and in 1831 removed to Boston, where he died March 13, 1859. He married April 26, 1831, Clarissa Andrews, daughter of Tyler Bigelow, Esq., of Watertown. Their children were

I. Theodore, 10 born February 4, 1832, a graduate of Harvard College in 1853 married, November 17, 1868, Alice Bowdoin, daughter of James Bowdoin Bradlee, Esq., of Boston.
II. George 10 Bigelow, born October 1, 1835.
III. Charles 10 Henry, b. March 5, 1841, d. February 27, 1849.

George 10 Bigelow Chase, of Boston, a graduate of Harvard College in 1856, married January 10, 1860, Anne, daughter of Rawlins and Gertrude (Livingston) Lowndes, of South Carolina. Their children are

I. Stephen, 11 born January 30, 1863.
II. Gertrude 12 Lowndes, born October 23, 1868.

To return to the youngest child of Aquila 4 Chase and Anne Wheeler,—Moses 5 Chase, of Newbury, an Ensign in the Essex Regiment, married Anne, daughter of Thomas Follansby. His children were

⁠ Moses 6 and Daniel, 6 twins, born Sept. 20, 1685.
⁠ Moses, 6 b. with Daniel, b. Sept. 20, 1685, d. young.
⁠ Daniel, 6 b. with Moses, " " " "
⁠ Moses, 6 b. January 20, 1688.
⁠ Samuel, 6 b. May 13, 1690.
⁠ Elizabeth, 6 b. September 25, 1693.
⁠ Stephen, 6 b. August 29, 1696.
⁠ Hannah, 6 b. September 13, 1699.
⁠ Joseph, 6 b. September 9, 1703.
⁠ Benoni, 6 b. April 5, 1708.

Daniel 6 Chase removed to Littleton, once a part of Groton, in 1725, together with his family. Soon after he again removed to Sutton, where he died April, 1768. He married January 6, 1706, Sarah March, and had

⁠ Samuel, 7 b. September 28, 1707.
⁠ Daniel, 7 b. September 18, 1709.
⁠ Anne, 7 Joshua, 7 Judith, 7 Nehemiah, 7
⁠ Sarah, 7 Caleb, 7 Moody, 7 Moses. 7

Samuel 7 Chase married Mary Dudley, and removed with his family to Cornish, N. H., on the Connecticut River, of which place he was one of the founders. He died August 12, 1800. His children were

​ Samuel, 8 Jonathan, 8 Dudley, 8 b. 1730, March , 8 Sarah, 8 Elizabeth, 8 Solomon, 8 Anne, 8 and Mary. 8

Dudley 8 Chase married August 23, 1753, Alice Corbet, of Mendon, and died April 13, 1814. He was the father of a distinguished family of sons :—

  1. Salmon 9 Chase, born July 14, 1701, at Sutton, an eminent lawyer of Portland.
  2. Ithamar, 9 b. 1763, at Sutton.
  3. Banich, 9 b. March 27, 1764, at Cornish.
  4. Heber, 9 b. September 2, 1770.
  5. Dudley, 9 b. December 30, 1771.
  6. Philander, 9 b. December 14, 1775.

The Hon. Ithamar 9 Chase, a distinguished citizen of Vermont, married Janet Ralston, of Keene, and among others had Alexander 10 Ealston, b. December 22, 1794, and Salmon 10 Portland, b. at Cornish, January 13,1808.

The Hon. Dudley 9 Chase, a graduate with honors of Dartmouth College, 1791, was for many years a leader of the Vermont Bar. He was a Senator of the United States, from 1813 to 1817, and Chief Justice of Vermont from 1817 to 1821.

The Rev. Philander 9 Chase, one of the most remarkable men of his time, and whose Reminiscences and Autobiography constitutes one of the most interesting and valuable books illustrative of the early history of the West, was graduated at Dartmouth College, 1796. He was ordained a Deacon of the Episcopal Church in 1798, and after some years' service as a Missionary Preacher, became Rector of Christ's Church, Poughkeepsie, which office he resigned to become Rector of Christ's Church, New ​ Orleans, In 1805. He became Bishop of Ohio in 1818, which office he resigned in 1831. He was the founder and first President of Kenyon College. In 1885 he was chosen Bishop of Illinois, and continued his active exertions in behalf of the Protestant Episcopal Church, founding Jubilee College in 1838, till his death in 1852.

The Hon. Salmon Portland Chase, now Chief Justice of the United States, was graduated at Dartmouth College in 1826, with high honors. He was a Senator of the United States, from 1849 to 1855 Governor of Ohio, from 1855 to 1859 again a United States Senator in 1861 Secretary of the Treasury, from 1861 to 1864 and was appointed Chief Justice of the United States in 1865. He married, 1st, Catherine Jane Garniss, March 4, 1834 2d, Eliza Ann Smith, September 26, 1839 3d, Sarah Bella Dunlop Ludlow, November 6, 1846, and has several children, one of whom is the wife of the Hon. William Sprague, United States Senator from Rhode Island.

The name in this country has, from the earliest times, been usually spelled Chase—sometimes Chace. In the English records it is found variously spelled Chase—Chaace—Chaase. But in the early records, previous to the first half of the sixteenth century, it is always spelled Chase, as at the present day. The printed books of Arms and Crests, as is usually the case with such works, are all wrong in their description of the Chase arms, which correctly read thus Gules, 4 crosses patonce Argent, on a canton Azure, a lion passant Or. Burke gives Chase vel Chansey he should have given Chasey—the name of a modern family, who have assumed the arms of Chase. ​ He is wrong again in his description of the arms of the Chesham family, inasmuch as he calls the crosses flory, whereas they should be patonce. It is not improbable that the different variety of arms are in fact the same, as the persons who copied shields of arms from monument were often not careful to read correctly. Fairbairn, in his book on Crests, a later work, gives the arms as in Burke, and the Crest as in Berry's Hertfordshire Genealogies, where the engraving represents crosses patonce, while the author describes them as crosses flory, but Edmonson, in his work on Heraldry gives the arms and crest of Chase, no place named, as follows:

Arms, Gules, 4 crosses pat. Argent 2 and 2, on a canton Azure a lion passant Or. Crest, a lion rampant, Or, holding between his feet a cross patonce—Gules. In this case the arms are precisely those of Chase, of Chesham, the only difference being in the color of the cross in the crest.

In a visit to Chesham, in 1864, the writer learned with much pleasure that it was the intention of Mr. William Lowndes, [2] the present Lord of the Manor, and a gentleman of much antiquarian feeling, to repair and refit for the use of his tenants in that neighborhood, a small chapel,—large enough perhaps, to give sittings for thirty people,—which stands in the rear of the old house of Hundrich, and is the only building left upon the estate as it existed when in possession of the Chase family, during ​ the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Soon after they disappeared from the Parish, their estate passed into the hands of the Lord of the Manor of Chesham, whose estates adjoined, and by whose family it has since been leased as a farm,—the little chapel having for some years past served as a brewhouse.

The notes and investigations, a portion of which have afforded us the materials and pedigrees for this paper, developed the fact that the families of Chase are as small, indeed the name is as rarely found—at the present day in the Mother Country—as it is numerous and wide spread throughout the United States.

From Samuel Chase

From an Opinion that your Excellency would wish to be acquainted with the Country, which will probably be the Seat of this Summers Campain, and that a Knowledge of such Persons, there, in whom You may repose a Confidence, would be acceptable to You, I take the Liberty to solicit, for a Moment, your attention to this Subject.

You will receive, by Dr Shippen, a pretty exact Map of the Country, and which will afford a general Idea of it. the Distances & natural Advantages can only be known by your own observation. Mr Henry Hollingsworth is active and well acquainted Mr Jos. Gilpin, Patrick Ewing, —— Hyland, Jos. Baxter, Charles Rumsey, Dockery Thompson and Wm Clark, all of Cæcil County, may be relied on.

If any Intelligence should be wanted, or Service rendered, in Kent County, John Voores & J. Henry at George Town, and Capt. —— Kent and —— Leathrbury, assembly Men, Joseph Nicholson Senr and John Cadwallader Esqr: may be depended on.

In Harford County, on the South Side of the Susquehanagh, your Orders will be readily & faithfully executed by Aquila Hall, Frank Holland, John Paca[,] Benjamin Rumsey & Jacob Giles.1

Colo. Patterson, near Xtteen Bridge bears a good Character.

One Charles Gordon, a Lawyer, and one —— Pearce, near George Town, one —— Millegan on Bohemia, and Danl Heath, near Warwick are very suspicious Characters.2 would it be improper for the above Gentlemen of Cæcil to give You an alphabetical List of all doubtful & suspected Persons?

If wanted, I am informed 50,000 Flints may be purchased in Baltimore. Mr William Lux will execute any of your orders there.3 a Considerable Quantity of Continental Powder is near that Place. I am Dear Sir with Sincere Esteem Your very affectionate obedient Servant

I had almost forgot to request You to send an Engineer, if one can be spared to Baltimore and Annapolis, to advise in their Fortifications. could Genl Conway be spared to go there? I beleive Baltimore might be defended.

Samuel Chase (1741–1811), a prominent lawyer from Annapolis who was a delegate to the Continental Congress 1774–78, knew many of the local leaders in Maryland from his long service in the general assembly and eight of the nine provincial conventions. Strident and outspoken in nature, Chase seldom shied away from political controversy. He was an early and vigorous advocate of independence, and in the wake of John Sullivan’s mismanaged Staten Island raid and much-criticized role in the Battle of Brandywine, Chase tried unsuccessfully to remove Maryland and Delaware troops from Sullivan’s command. Chase became a subject of controversy himself in the fall of 1778 when he was accused of giving his Baltimore business partners insider information about Congress’s secret plan to buy flour for the French fleet so that they could speculate at public expense. Badly damaged in reputation by that episode, Chase restricted his political activities during the later part of the war to the general assembly. Although he voted against adoption of the Constitution as a member of the Maryland Ratification Committee in 1788, Chase later became a Federalist, and in 1796 GW appointed him to the U.S. Supreme Court. Impeached for improper judicial behavior in 1804, Chase was acquitted by the Senate in 1805, and he remained a justice until his death six years later.

1 . Most of the men mentioned in this letter were current or former members of the Maryland assembly. In Cecil County Joseph Gilpin (1725–1790) was a Head of Elk sawmill owner, and Patrick Ewing (1737–1819) was a yeoman residing in Octarara Hundred. Stephen Hyland (1743–1806) of North Elk Parish had been a captain in the Cecil County militia since 1776, and in September 1778 he was appointed a colonel. Joseph Baxter had been a second lieutenant of Col. William Smallwood’s Maryland regiment from January to May 1776. John Dockery Thompson (1743–1786) of Bohemia was a lieutenant colonel, later a colonel, of the Cecil County militia, and William Clark was a second lieutenant in the militia.

John Voorhees, a Kent County merchant, was acting in November 1777 as a brigade quartermaster of militia, and in July 1780 he became commissary of purchases for the county. “J. Henry” is apparently James Henry, who began his military career as a corporal in a Kent County minute company in January 1776. By June 1776 Henry was an ensign in the militia, and by January 1777 he had been promoted to captain. James Kent (c.1738–1805) of Queen Anne’s County was a captain in the county militia in January 1776, and in July 1776 he became a colonel of militia in the Maryland flying camp. He resigned his commission after one month in order to enter the Maryland Convention. Peregrine Lethrbury (Leatherbury 1752–1801), a lawyer in Chestertown, Kent County, became a major in the county militia in December 1781. Joseph Nicholson, Sr. (1709–c.1787), a Chestertown merchant, had been a colonel of the militia before the war.

Aquila Hall (1727–1779), a Harford County merchant and mill owner, was made a captain of county militia in September 1775. He rose to the rank of colonel in January 1776, and he served as county lieutenant from July to November 1777. During the last week of August 1777 Hall commanded a few hundred militia at Harford Town and provided Gov. Thomas Johnson with information about British movements. Francis Holland (c.1745–1795), a planter and merchant in Harford County, enrolled as a private in a militia company in September 1775, and by October 1776 he was captain of a company in the Maryland flying camp. In April 1778 Holland became colonel of the county militia. John Paca (c.1712–1785), a Harford County planter and town developer, was the father of William Paca, one of the delegates to the Continental Congress. Benjamin Rumsey (1734–1808), a planter and lawyer who in September 1775 had become a captain and in January 1776 a colonel in the Harford County militia, at this time commanded a small body of militia at Joppa, where he was building a small fort and observing British troop movements. Although Rumsey was elected to the Continental Congress in November 1776 and February 1777, he attended irregularly. The Jacob Giles to whom Chase refers may be Jacob Giles, Sr. (1705–1784), a prominent Quaker who was part owner of the Cumberland forge and Bush River ironworks in Harford County, or one of his two sons Jacob, born respectively in 1733 and 1753 to different wives.

2 . Charles Gordon practiced law in Cecil County before being accused by the county committee of safety in 1775 of pro-British sympathies. In 1776 Gordon moved to Delaware where he provided provisions and other assistance to the British army before returning to Cecil County. When William Smallwood attempted to have Gordon arrested in April 1778, he fled to New York, and after the war he went to England. The “one Pearce” mentioned here may be James Pearce of Cecil County, who was accused by the clerk of the county court in October 1778 of having joined the British army. Daniel Heath supplied cattle to the British fleet before fleeing to the British lines in November 1777.

3 . William Lux (c.1730–1778), a merchant and shipowner in Baltimore who was a close political ally of Samuel Chase at this time, had been appointed the Continental prize agent for Maryland in April 1776.

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This silver pitcher was presented to Salmon P. Chase by Mr. A. J. Gordon in a ceremony on May 6, 1845 on behalf of the free black people of Cincinnati as an expression of gratitude for Chase’s efforts in defense of the slave Samuel Watson.

Watson was being conveyed on the steamboat Ohio Belle from Arkansas to Virginia by a slave handler when on January 21, 1845, the boat landed at Cincinnati. Watson stepped off the boat and went missing for a brief period before being located, seized and detained by his handler. The matter was then taken before a magistrate to obtain a certificate for his removal. Mr. Watson and his handler were subsequently brought before Judge N. C. Read who had to decide if Watson was a fugitive slave subject to recapture, or was now a free man by virtue of his presence in a free state.

Salmon P. Chase, a well-known lawyer, abolitionist, and advocate for fugitive slaves, was one of three attorneys who represented Watson in court. Chase made a spirited and powerful closing argument that Watson was in fact now a free man, but the judge rejected Chase’s points and allowed Watson to be retaken by his handler and returned to Virginia to resume a life in bondage.

Although Chase lost the case, the free black population of Cincinnati had watched the case carefully and were moved by the passion and force of Chase’s arguments. A decision was made to present Chase with an engraved silver pitcher for his work on the Watson case and for “public services in behalf of the oppressed.” The pitcher was fabricated and engraved by the Cincinnati firm of E. & D. Kinsey. The presentation ceremony took place on the evening of Tuesday, May 6, 1845 at the Union Baptist Church.

Chase later served as a Senator from Ohio, Governor of Ohio, and Secretary of the Treasury in the Lincoln Administration. President Lincoln appointed Chase Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1864.

The pitcher remained in the possession of Salmon Chase’s descendants until it was donated to Cincinnati Museum Center in 2013 by Chase’s great-great grandson, William Benjamin.

Additional Library Resources:

R.B. Pamphlets 326.973 A227

This pamphlet recounts the case of Samuel Watson and the presentation of the silver pitcher to Samuel Chase on May 6, 1845.

Albert Bushnell Hart (Author)

This biography of Samuel P. Chase mentions the pitcher and states that he used is as a punch bowl for lemonade while he was the governor of Ohio. (See pages 82-83)

Harold Holzer (Author)
GENERAL q973.7092 H762

A rumor was circulating in 1860 that Abraham Lincoln was present at the presentation of the Chase pitcher. Lincoln responded to the rumor saying, "I have never yet seen Gov. Chase. I was never in a meeting of negroes in my life and never saw a pitcher presented by anybody to anybody." (See page 154)


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